Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah (SWT) (God Almighty) and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus) received, and that which the prophets received from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered.
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The Holy Qur'aan - Surah Al-Alaq ( Chapter 96 Verse 1 - 19 )
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Read: In the name of thy Lord Who createth, (1) Createth man from a clot. (2) Read: And thy Lord is the Most Bounteous, (3) Who teacheth by the pen, (4) Teacheth man that which he knew not. (5) Nay, but verily man is rebellious (6) That he thinketh himself independent! (7) Lo! unto thy Lord is the return. (8) Hast thou seen him who dissuadeth (9) A slave when he prayeth? (10) Hast thou seen if he relieth on the guidance (of Allah) (11) Or enjoineth piety? (12) Hast thou seen if he denieth (Allah's guidance) and is froward? (13) Is he then unaware that Allah seeth? (14) Nay, but if he cease not We will seize him by the forelock - (15) The lying, sinful forelock - (16) Then let him call upon his henchmen! (17) We will call the guards of hell. (18) Nay, Obey not thou him. But prostrate thyself, and draw near (unto Allah). (19)
How Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
Quran is the final word of God to Mankind and it was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). In order to have a better understanding of Quran it is important to study how it was revealed and in context it was revealed. Quran was revealed in a period of 23 years, it was not revealed all at once rather it was received by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) on different occasions and incidents.
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received his first revelation in 610CE, in the Cave of Hira in the Mountain of Light (Jabal Alnoor), two and a half miles away from the House of God (Allah) in the city of Makkah in Arabia. The first revelation was the first five verses of Surah (chapter) Al-Alaq and the last revelation was the third verse of Surah Al-Maidah, which was sent down to the Prophet in 632 C.E.
The gradual revelation of the Quran prepared the people to accept and then live the virtues, excellent manners, and lofty aspirations it demanded. The Quran was revealed in stages so that its audience could understand, internalize, and apply its prohibitions, commands, and reforms. Revelations came when the need for guidance arose or a demand for guidance on some incident was needed. If the Quran was reveled all at once, how would the followers have reacted to all its prohibitions and commandments? We know that for humans it’s not easy to leave bad habits and activities. Quran came not only to change couple of habits but it came as a complete code of life.